I need to do a diagram for the following : Look around today and you can see for yourself that most of the organisms you come across are not making it into the fossil record (1). It takes a...
I need to do a diagram for the following :
Look around today and you can see for yourself that most of the organisms you come across are not making it into the fossil record (1). It takes a rather special combination of physical factors-usually those of swamps or estuaries where remains can be buried in sediment, be compacted and, if lucky, remain undisturbed for millions of years--for the bones or imprints of an organism to achieve a measure of immortality in stone (2). To then become part of the scientific body of evidence, they have to erode in such a way as not to be destroyed and then found by someone who recognizes their importance (3). Furthermore, from what we know of evolutionary mechanisms, speciation events are likely to occur in isolated populations (4), and competition will likely eliminate the less fit of closely similar forms (5). Both processes make it even more unlikely that there will be a smooth, continuous fossil record of intermediaries (6). Thus, it is not at all surprising that there are " missing links " in the fossil record (7), and this is not good evidence against evolutionary transmutation (8).
You might consider something simple like a timeline or space-time continuum. Draw a horizontal line at the top of the page. Using the geological time scale, start with the earliest era, Precambrian, and progress from left to right (at the top of the page) until you get to the present era, period, and epoch: the Cenozoic, Quaternary, Holocene.
With that at the top of the page, time running from left to right, draw vertical lines, reaching down from that top horizontal line, from the era-epoch and at the bottom of each vertical line, label the organisms which were alive at that time. Use a specific color for this. For missing links, use another color and do the same: draw a vertical line down from where the missing link is supposedly located on the timeline. Indicate possible reasons why that missing link might be there: speciation, eliminated competitors, or conditions not suited for preserving the fossil. Gaps in the fossil record, when considered overall or in specific geographical regions, could also be caused by drastic climate changes (meteor, ice age, etc.) and this could be indicated on the diagram as well. (Using a different color will highlight the gaps - missing links - and a brief description can provide a reason or hypothesis as to why the gap is there.)
Thank you so much for your answer, unfortunately it is not what I need.
I need to do a philosophical diagram which is different. Its a diagram showing how the premises relate to the conclusion which is why each sentence has a number as they are either a premise or a conclusion.
1->2 and things like thats