What is an example of someone who tries to persuade someone using one of the logical fallacies?

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rrteacher eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In daily life, you need only look at virtually any political campaign, or, for that matter, an advertising campaign, to find examples of logical fallacies. It is appropriate, then, that one particularly famous logical fallacy in literature is the argumentum ad populem (appeal to the people) made by Mark Antony in his oration to the crowd over Caesar's dead body in Shakespeare's Julius Caesar. While Antony does make a number of political arguments, claiming that Caesar was not guilty of the reckless ambition that Brutus accused him of, he also appeals to popular pathos, showing Caesar's bloody corpse to the crowd and reminding them that:

You all did love him once, not without cause;                                What cause withholds you then to mourn for him?

He reads Caesar's will, and describes his generosity to the people of Rome, appealing to the emotions of his listeners rather than making a logical argument against the reasons Brutus says he and his co-conspirators killed Caesar.