What were some of the basic theoretical principles of Nazism that enabled Hitler's rise to power?

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

From the most theoretical point of view, the idea of Nazism that was advocated by Hitler and Anton Drexler sought to consolidate fragmentation in Germany towards the centralized notion of the political good.  The central focus of Nazism was to generate political nationalism for Germany, seeking to move workers and the lower classes away from an economic materialist notion of being into a one where a national focus that placed primacy on love of nation was evident.  The theoretical difference between it and something like Socialism was the nation element, hoping to move workers from identifying themselves in a class- based way and rather embrace the nation as being most important.  In this, a greater vortex that created the politics of demonizing and scapegoating could emerge.  These theoretical conditions helped to ensure Hitler's rise to power because it allowed him to be able to command a political position that could tap into disenchantment amongst the body politic and channel that energy into a realm where the targeting of specific groups of people could benefit Hitler and his political party.  In this, the theoretical principles of Nazism were critical in enabling his rise to power.