determine a variable,under a given conditionIf a natural number is (2n+1)/n, how to calculate n, that is also natural guessing n is a solution?

2 Answers | Add Yours

hala718's profile pic

hala718 | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

If (2n+1)/n is a natural number, then 2n+1 is divisible by n.

Then we will rewrite as follow.

2n+1)/n = k  where k is a natural number.

==> (2n/n + 1/n ) = k

==> 2 + 1/n = k

Now since k is a natural number, then both terms are natural numbers.

We know that 2 is a natural number.

Also, 1/n must be a natural number.

==> In order for 1/n to be a natural number, the only option is that n= 1

==> 2 + 1 = k = 3

==> (2n+1)/n = 3

==>n= 1

 

 

giorgiana1976's profile pic

giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

"To guess" is not a mathematical way of solving.

If  (2n+1)/n is a natural number, then (2n+1) is divided by n.

We'll write 2n + 1 = n + n + 1

(2n+1)/n = (n + n + 1)/n

(n + n + 1)/n = n/n + n/n + 1/n

(n + n + 1)/n = 1 + 1 + 1/n

(n + n + 1)/n = 2 + 1/n

For (2n+1)/n to be natural, the ratio 1/n has to be a natural number too.

1/n is natural if and only if n is a natural divisor of 1, so n = 1

(2n+1)/n = 2 + 1 = 3

We’ve answered 318,930 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question