Natural Logarithmic Equation `ln 3 +ln (3x^2) = 4`

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rakesh05 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

given   `ln3+ln(3x^2)=4`

Because we are working with natural logarithm, it means always the base is e.

 Also we know that `lnm+ln n=ln(mn)`

  So,         `ln(3.3x^2)=4.1`    As `lne=1`

So,             `ln (9x^2)=4lne`

or,                  `ln(9x^2)=lne^4`  As   `plnm=lnm^p`

or,                          `9x^2=e^4`

or,                      `(9x^2-e^4)=0`

or,                    `((3x)^2-(e^2)^2)=0`

or,                      `(3x-e^2)(3x+e^2)=0` 

Now,          `(3x-e^2)=0rArrx=e^2/3` ,

and                `(3x+e^2)=0rArrx=-e^2/3` .


lemjay eNotes educator| Certified Educator


To solve, express the left side with one logarithm. To do so, apply the product rule which is `lnm+lnn=ln(m*n)` .



Then, express it in exponential equation. The equivalent exponential equation of `ln m =a`  is  `m=e^a` .


From here, isolate x. To do so, divide both sides by 9.



And take the square root of both sides.



Hence, the solution to the given equation is `x={-e^2/3, e^2/3}` .

pramodpandey | Student

We know 


`ln(m)=x`   then `e^x=m`

Thus we have