Name two methods used by buisness to eliminate the Labor Unions
It covers 19th century. My proffessor hinted us and said, one method used was the"blacklists", but I am not too sure what that means either. I have not the slightest clue what the other method is or what it means.
I think there could be more than just two answers to this question. Starting with the “blacklist” hint your professor mentioned, a blacklist is a document or shared resource that business or corporate leaders share that keeps track of known labor leaders or radicals. Before hiring, a potential employer can reference this list or help his fellow managers by adding names of people he has fired due to labor disputes in the past. Most businesses deny the existence of such lists, but labor unions insist they are real things.
Another strategy used to disrupt labor unions is to close branches where unionization begins to take hold. This is something that is usually done by large corporations with multiple branches or offices. To prevent organization by workers, management will automatically close or relocate any branch that tries to organize. Management will usually be reassigned while the workers lose their livelihood and a strong example is made to workers in other branches. There is no preventing this because a business has every right to open or close branches as it sees fit.
Yet another method that is utilized is by management to detract from the power of organized labor is called “scab hiring” If workers go out on strike or walk out of the job, managers will simply hire substitute workers, usually for a higher wage. They do this to attract replacements who otherwise might wish to support the strike and also to entice strikers to come back to work causing dissention in the ranks of the union.