Name three terrorist groups and explain their objectives and ideologies. Identify the groups as either domestic or international terrorists. Include in your answer two religious terrorist groups and one other type of terrorist group.

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Hezbollah means "Party of God" in Arabic, and it is perhaps the most dangerous terrorist group in the the world today. The international, Lebanon-based group was founded in 1982. At that time, Lebanon was torn apart by civil war and invaded by Israeli troops. Hezbollah is a Shi'ite Muslim group and it is closely linked to Iran; Hezbollah's leader, Hassan Nasrallah, studied in Iran. Hezbollah is more than just a dangerous terrorist group: it has fought the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) to a standstill. Because of military prowess, it has earned the respect and admiration of many Arabs. Its soldiers also fought in the civil war in Syria. It also plays an important role in Lebanon as a provider of health care and education. In October 2019, serious anti-corruption protests occurred in Lebanon, and these have been a challenge for Nasrallah.

The National Liberation Army (ELN) of Colombia was established in 1964. The ELN and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) grew out of a period of national instability known as La Violencia. These leftist groups fought against the monumental inequality of Colombia. That inequality persists today: a recent report states that 1% of Colombians own 80% of its land. The FARC signed a peace deal with the Colombian government in 2016, but the ELN remains a threat.

The Islamic State (ISIS) is an international terrorist group that grew out of the violence and strife of modern Iraq and Syria. ISIS is a radical Sunni Muslim group known for its religious fanaticism and cruelty. At its peak in 2014, it held considerable territory in both Syria and Iraq. In October 2019, the leader of ISIS killed himself rather than surrender to U.S. special forces.

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