John Hersey's Hiroshima contains numerous examples of rhetorical devices (or literary devices). Typical literary devices are metaphors, similes, flashbacks, allusions, or hyperboles. In the text, three examples of rhetorical devices are as follows.
Direct Characterization- In direct characterization, the author (narrator) explicitly defines a character. On page three of the novel (published by Mass Market Publishers), Mr. Tanimoto is described precisely. Not only are his physical characteristics defined (small, with black hair, prominent "frontal bones," and a mustache), some of his internal characteristics are defined as well ("quick to talk, laugh, and cry").
Personification- Personification is the giving of human characteristics to non-human/ non-living things. On page four, the following is found: "the day promised to be uncomfortable." Here, the day is given the ability to promise something. This is a human characteristic.
Simile- A simile is a comparison of two dissimilar things (using "like" or "as"). On page five, a simile is found in the following sentence. " Its front hall looked like a cave full of fat cushions. In the comparison, the hall is compared to a cave (using "like").