The Market Revolution, Industrialization, and New Technologies Questions and Answers

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Name three positive and negative impacts the American Industrial Revolution had on the U.S.

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lrwilliams eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The Industrial Revolution was a boost for the United States and provided lots of opportunities for Americans to find work. I was just thinking about the "Technology Revolution", it has caused automation and the loss of jobs.

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amy-lepore eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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In addition to the workload and demand for more workers came the demand and opportunity for women to work outside of the home in areas other than teaching and nursing.  Of course, along with all that opportunity came poor working conditions and the need for Unions who would help regulate such conditions which were rebelled against in America just as they were decades before in Europe by social critics like Dickens.

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Lori Steinbach eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Great list by brettd.  I'd like to add one more issue to the discussion.  The Industrial Revolution changed the concept of work in America on several levels.  First, as productivity advanced, so did the need for more workers and more work hours.  More people entered the workforce than ever before, actually causing a nationwide shift in polulation...

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accessteacher eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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brettd eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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macd5301 | Student

The American Industrial Revolution can directly be attributed to the technological improvements during this time period.  With the invention of interchangeable parts by Eli Whitney, factories were now able to produce more products and sell them at cheaper prices giving American people access to products they hadn’t had before.  The disadvantage to this was that the development of factories and interchangeable parts lead to the destruction of the craftsman who worked from home and in some cases the quality of products that were sold.  During this time period the need for employees also increased giving the large amounts of Scottish and Irish immigrants coming to the United States during this time period employment.  The disadvantage to this was that so many immigrants were coming to the United States during this time period given the availability of work that cities became overcrowded and were not ready to handle the increase in population.  Another advantage of the American Industrial Revolution was that it increased wealth and opportunity in the United States.  The disadvantage within this increase in wealth was that often times the wealth was not evenly distributed throughout the United States.  Many factory owners prospered during this time while many immigrants were forced to work in dangerous working conditions for very little pay.

zumba96 | Student

Positive:

  • The Industrial Revolution changed the ways by how the world produced its goods.
  • It changed our societies from a mainly agricultural society to one that in which industry and manufacturing was in control. 
  • The Industrial Revolution was a time of dramatic change, from hand tools and handmade items, to products which were msass produced by machines.

Negative:

  • Pollution increased, working conditions were harmful, and with the employed of women and young children, making them work long and hard hours.
  •  From the time of its start, the factories and industry has increased the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by two-folds.
  • Many people were driven to the cities to look for work, in turn the ended living in the cities that could not support them.
Chantelm | Student

The Industrial Revolution 

- Affected the economy 

-brought more jobs

- new technology 

on the other hand

- there were poor living conditions

- the workers were worked to death

- women and children had to work

etotheeyepi | Student

The Industrial Revolution must have done something to improve public health and the reduce poverty.

According to Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations, before 1776 half of children died in childhood, and "in the Highlands of Scotland for a mother who has borne twenty children not to have two alive."

http://geolib.com/smith.adam/won1-08.html

 

epollock | Student

Positive things that the Industrial Revolution brought was a greater economic benefit for the country to be operating at such efficiencies, and it created new technological changes and improvements in the ares of commercialization, mechanization, and the assembly line. One of the unfortunate disadvantages was that it created hardships for women and children to be working long hours in factories for such little pay.