Social Sciences

Start Your Free Trial

Name the three key developmental processes and give an example that would illustrate how each of them operates.

Expert Answers info

Domenick Franecki eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2016

write4,282 answers

starTop subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences

Erik Erikson theorized that people pass through eight developmental stages from childhood to adulthood. The first stage, hope versus mistrust, generally occurs from 1โ€“18 months and teaches a young child whether or not he or she can trust the world around him or her. If the child is surrounded by loving caregivers in a safe environment, he or she will learn to trust the world. If not, he or she does not (though this can be remedied in a later stage). In the next stage, autonomy versus doubt, a child of ages 2โ€“4 learns whether his or her explorations of the world are met with encouragement or are discouraged; if they are encouraged, a child gains self-confidence in his or her own agency. One of the most important stages is adolescence during ages 12โ€“19. During this time a person confronts questions of identity versus confusion. This critical stage involves figuring out one's evolving identity and defining oneself. During this phase, developing positive social relationships is critical....

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 663 words.)

Unlock This Answer Now


check Approved by eNotes Editorial

Walter Fischer eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2013

write4,012 answers

starTop subjects are Literature, History, and Business

check Approved by eNotes Editorial