Name five different functional groups present in the following molecules: 9-oxo-2-decenoic acid, trans-9-hydroxydec-2-enoic acid, methyl-4-hydroxybenzoate and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenethanol
Groups of atoms that are involved in chemical reactions that the molecules they are found in undergo are called functional groups. There are many functional groups found in organic compounds many of which contain oxygen and nitrogen.
The functional groups in:
9-Oxo-2-decenoic acid are the carboxylic acid functional group and the ketone functional group
trans-9-hydroxydec-2-enoic acid has the alcohol functional group and the carboxylic acid functional group
methyl-4-hydroxybenzoate has the ester functional group and the alcohol functional group
4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenethanol has the alcohol functional group and the ether functional group
The five functional groups found in the given compounds are the alcohol functional group, the ester functional group, the carboxylic acid functional group, the ether functional group and the ketone functional group.