name the european countries who had "spheres of influence" in china

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saintfester eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Many european countries had spheres of influence in China that brough them great wealth in the form of trade and exploitation. The most notable were France, Germany, The Austro-Hungarian Empire, Great Britian, Italy and Russia.

These countries maintained their "spheres" well into the beginning of the 1900's despite strong, and sometimes violent, Chinese opposition.