Name and describe Eysenck’s three general types, or superfactors.
Hans Eysenck's theory of personality suggests that there are three dimensions of personality: extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism. Every individual falls somewhere on each of these three spectrums which results in their personality type. Eysenck described extraversion and neuroticism as supertraits, because he believed that all human traits could be broken down into these two distinct categories. It wasn't until later that psychoticism was added to the model. According to Eysenck, four specific personality types exist:
- High neuroticism and high extraversion = Choleric
- High neuroticism and low extraversion = Melancholic
- Low neuroticism and high extraversion = Sanguine
- Low neuroticism and low extraversion = phlegmatic