Animal Farm Questions and Answers
by George Orwell

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In the book Animal Farm, Napoleon renames the farm back to  "Manor Farm."  Along these lines, identify which elements on the farm changed and which elements stayed the same. 

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Gretchen Mussey eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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After Napoleon successfully usurps power, he begins to rule the farm as an unscrupulous tyrant by oppressing the animals and forcing them to work long hours, which is similar to their former master, Mr. Jones. Conditions on the farm rapidly deteriorate once Napoleon takes over, and life becomes increasingly laborious and difficult for the animals. Much the same as in the days of Mr. Jones, the animals suffer from malnutrition, have no civil rights or say in the farm's policies, and live in a perpetual state of fear and uncertainty. By the end of the novella, conditions on the farm mirror the oppressive state once cultivated by Mr. Jones on Manor Farm. The pigs behave and dress like humans, brandishing whips and other torture devices once used by Mr. Jones and his men. Animals fear for their lives as Napoleon murders political dissidents and those he considers useless. Even hardworking animals, like Boxer, are sent to the knackers once they can no longer contribute to the farm, which is similar to how Mr. Jones used to treat the animals. At the end of the novella, conditions on the farm are practically identical to the farm under Mr. Jones's control before the Rebellion. Napoleon simply replaces Mr. Jones and eventually changes the name back to Manor Farm, making the transition complete. Tragically, the animals' dreams of establishing an egalitarian society are a complete failure, and Napoleon's tyrannical rule replaces Mr. Jones.

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Mike Walter eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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In George Orwell's Animal Farm, after the revolution much changed on the farm for the animals in the short run. They were now free of human dominance and abuse. They began making decisions for themselves and enjoying the fruits of their own labor.

However, Napoleon’s hunger for power eventually changed all that. Under his dictatorial leadership, the animals began to suffer as much as they had under Farmer Jones. When Napoleon changed the name back to Manor Farm he was signifying that the farm was now functioning not as a revolutionary entity, looking to improve the lives of all animals everywhere, but as a business like other farms in which animals were meant to profited from.

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