Expanding on a topic can be challenging. I suggest choosing three distinct qualities of the topic. You can sometimes make this easier by choosing an organizational approach. For example, you can organize a speech chronologically or thematically.
The enotes essay guide reminds you to choose your examples carefully. An academic example may be best, but as with this topic not all examples are academic.
However, if an academic example is not intricately tied in with the question or does not make a logical connection, you are much better off with an example from everyday life that you can effectively, specifically, and succinctly use. (enotes SAT)
Let’s say you are organizing your speech chronologically. If you have a son, you can describe three milestones from his life.
-When my son was born.
-When my son said his first word.
-When my son started school.
If you are organizing your topic thematically, you might choose topics based on how your son brings meaning to your life.
-My son taught me the meaning of unconditional love.
-My son helps me see the world with wonder.
-My son makes me want to be a better person.
Now that you have these categories, you can easily expand them into sub-sentences. Let’s take one as an example.
One of the most meaningful moments in my life was when my son was born.
To expand on this topic, I simply explain the subject to specify what I am talking about.
Before my son was born, I was a child. I never looked at the world as an adult until I had a young, helpless being to depend on me.
As you can see, once you have organization adding detail is much easier. You want to choose a topic that you can expand on, but choosing sub-topics that are different enough and meaningful enough is also important.
Let’s take the first example for the thematic organization: My son taught me the meaning of unconditional love.
When you have a child, your outlook on life changes because you realize that at this moment you love that child no matter what, and he loves you no matter what.
So in sum, choose an organizational structure and solid topics and you will find it much easier to develop sub-sentences.