For my next assignment, could someone explain in ONE sentence the meaning of the following poetic lterms? Many thanks in advance
1) narrative poetry :
- epic :
2) lyric poetry :
-dramatic monologue :
(eNotes editors are only allowed to answer one question; this posting contains multiple questions. I'll address this posting to sonnets, and summarize with one sentence.)
Literary terms are usually used to describe a literary device (like metaphors, onomatopoeia, etc.) or the name of an item used in literature, like rising action, or, in this case, sonnet.
The long definition is:
A sonnet is a poetic form that is comprised of fourteen lines, written in iambic pentameter. This means that there are ten syllables per line and that the stress rests on every other syllable. The sonnet has a predetermined rhyme scheme, the rhyme occurring at the end of the line in the last word.
The rhyme scheme (or rhyming pattern) determines which kind of sonnet you are reading or will write. There are three kinds.
One major form is the Shakespearean sonnet (also known as Elizabethan) is named for William Shakespeare, though he did not invent it. The sonnet form was actually introduced to England by Sir Thomas Wyatt, and many poets copied the form. Shakespeare wrote more than 150, and this version is named for him. The rhyme scheme is charted with a letter representing each new sound, found at the end of the line. In Sonnet #29 by Shakespeare, if you look at the end of each line, you will see a pattern of rhyme. (Some words don't rhyme exactly: these rhymes are called "near rhymes.") The rhyme scheme of this sonnet is ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. The last two lines are called a rhyming couplet: they rhyme with each other.
When, in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes,
I all alone beweep my outcast state
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries
And look upon myself and curse my fate,
Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,
Featured like him, like him with friends possess'd,
Desiring this man's art and that man's scope,
With what I most enjoy contented least;
Yet in these thoughts myself almost despising,
Haply I think on thee, and then my state,
Like to the lark at break of day arising
From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven's gate;
For thy sweet love remember'd such wealth brings
That then I scorn to change my state with kings.
The sonnet originated in Italy. The second major sonnet form is called Petrarchan (named for the poet Petrarch, and also known as the Italian sonnet). It has a different rhyme scheme: ABBA ABBA CDE CDE. (This form has another rhyme scheme, but I've only listed one.)
The final sonnet form is a minor one and is called the Spenserian, named for Edmund Spenser. Its rhyme scheme is ABAB BCBC CDCD EE.
By looking at its rhyme scheme you will note that the Shakespearean and the Spenserian are more alike based on their structure.
Your one sentence summary is:
A sonnet is a fourteen-line poem, written in iambic pentameter (containing ten syllables per line with a stress on every other syllable), that has a specific rhyme scheme.
I have included below two websites which might be of service in defining the other terms. If there is one you cannot find, please post it and we will be happy to answer it for you.
The first site is called "Literary Elements." (Please use link, or cut and paste address listed here: http://www.orangeusd.k12.ca.us/yorba/literary_elements.htm
The second site is called "Literary Terms." It can be found at: http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/lit_term.html