The Divine Comedy Questions and Answers
by Dante Alighieri

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Dante uses the idea of contrapasso, or symbolic retribution. Explain how punishment fits the sin in the cases of Paolo and Francesca, Pietro della Vigne, Jason, Ulysses, and Brunetto Latini. Dante finds himself in front of the gate of Hell. What does the inscription say?

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Let's start with your part two of your question first; that is, the inscription above the Gates of Hell.  As Virgil and Dante approach the gate, they read its Latin inscription: 

Per me si va ne la città dolente,
per me si va ne l'etterno dolore,
per me si va tra la perduta gente.
Giustizia mosse il mio alto fattore:
fecemi la divina podestate,
la somma sapienza e 'l primo amore.
Dinanzi a me non fuor cose create
se non etterne, e io etterno duro.
Lasciate ogne speranza, voi ch'entrate

This may be translated as: 

THROUGH me you pass into the city of woe:
Through me you pass into eternal pain:
Through me among the people lost for aye.
Justice the founder of my fabric mov'd:
To rear me was the task of power divine,
Supremest wisdom, and primeval love.
Before me things create were none, save things
Eternal, and eternal I endure.
"All hope abandon ye who enter here."

All the condemned souls you are inquiring about, Francesca and Paolo, Pietro della Vigne, Jason, Ulysses, and Brunetto Latini have  no more...

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