Multiple choice help please? Thank you very much!
"All communities divide themselves into the few and the many. The first are the rich and wellborn, the other the mass of the people...The people are turbulent and changing; they seldom judge or determine right. Give therefore to the first class a distinct, permanent share in the government. They will check the unsteadiness of the second, and as they cannot receive any advantage by a change, they therefore will ever maintain good government."
Which of the following assumptions underlies the writer's opinion regarding human nature?
A. A totalitarian state is the ideal of government
B. Rationality and wisdom are the monopoly of a select group
C. Direct democracy is the best way of enduring good citizenship
D. Social unrest is necessary in order for governments to realize the need for reform
The writer pretends the following :
There are two groups : the rich and the poor.
The poor are not wise or rational.
The rich are.
His conclusion is : give to a select group a permanent power.
Therefore is B the correct answer.
Concerning A : in a totalitarian state all power goes to one group; the writer is not giving power to one group, only a part. therefore is A wrong.
Concerning C : Direct democracy means that all people is involved in descissions. Not only is this impossible in a state, but also is the representation in steps. In addition, the writer is not mentionning any problem about direct representation. Therefore is C wrong.
Concerning D : The writer does not make any allusion about social unrest. Therefore is D wrong too.