It is a question from the subject "PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT." The answer is required for T.Y.B.A.F level....
The answer should have points(9-10 points each), which could be highlighted.
the answer is for7-8 mks. or 15 mks...
Motivation is absolutely important to productivity. Workers who are motivated to do well will do well. Workers are human. If they are demoralized, they will slow down. Sometimes this is intentional, and sometimes it is subconscious. In the same way, happy workers will be more productive because they enjoy and feel challenged by what they do. Motivation is not just about money, it's about being treated with respect.
This question obviously wants you to think about the various theories of motivation that there are and to apply them in the workplace. The title of the essay question is clearly true, so what you have to do is through referring to the various theories explain how it is true.
You will want to look at concepts such as extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is where you are internally motivated to do something for your own enjoyment and pleasure rather than extrinsic motivation where you are motivated to do something for an external reward. An example might be somone working hard at their job to get a good end of year bonus - they are extrinsically motivated as they may not care or even like their job but they want the bonus. An example of intrinsic motivation might be an adult who is taking a study course in a subject they love for personal pleasure.
That is one of the important approaches to motivation. Others you will want to refer to are Herzberg's theory of motivation, Maslow's Heirarchy of Needs and the theory of Self-Determination. Hope it helps!
Motivation as a key to productivity has to do with management style, particularly communication. A manager who effectively communicates the overall company objectives to his employees will add a dimension to decision making that involves the actual workers who have hands knowledge of how the system works.
Often managers seem distant and disconnected from the actual work process that they manage. If a manager ignores the input of his employees, he also disconnects them from the work process.
"The way to encourage people to become part of an organization is through relationships. Employees who feel disconnected emotionally from their co-workers and supervisor do not feel committed to their work. As such, correctional staff who tend to hang back and do the minimum because they do not believe anyone cares also become vulnerable to inmate games and setups."
Employees who are not given the opportunity to access and exercise their individual skills in a work environment are more likely to feel indifferent to the company's objectives. They simply feel like a cog in the wheel, they don't make a significant contribution, so they don't really matter to the company. They are easily replaced, not valued.
"Work achievement: Staff who achieve a goal that is well directed by their supervisor are work motivated usually. They come to work the next to make the next achievement milestone."
Motivation of the same employees with the right communication tools, such as defining performance problems or successes increases the incentive of the workers. Once the employee feels valued and information is shared, everyone involved becomes better informed on the work processes.
"Recognition: Staff who achieves his or her manager directed goals and work hard and long hours to achieve them expect to be recognized. They would expect usually for salary increase, bonus, or a job promotion. “Thank you” is a great work motivator. Praising loudly is a Team motivation that subordinates like a lot. Failing to give it to them fades the Team motivation, self motivation and team motivation! Never steal credit of your staff."
Motivation, Ability and Environment are
also factors that could determine
productivity or performance. Is any one of
these factors more important than the
others? Can there be a situation where
one of these factors does not influence
motivation? An assignment in Business
Management class. Thanks in advance
for your anticipated response.
The most important resource for any organization are its people. Every other resource in an organization can remain unutilized or be wasted if people in the organization do not utilize them appropriately.
So people resource is essential to use every other resource effectively and efficiently. They make the organization productive. But what makes the people people to be effective in organization? The greatest factor determining the effectiveness and efficiency of people in an organization is their motivation.
When people in an organization are not motivated adequately, they will not put in their best efforts for the success of organization. It is also possible that they will act, knowingly or unknowingly, against the interests of the company.
People can be best motivated to act in the interest of the organization when they feel that their own interest can be best met by acting in the interest of the company.