If a mother has diabetes,will the fetus have diabetes?

Expert Answers
besure77 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Gestational diabetes refers to the type of diabetes a woman develops during pregnancy. Women that have this type of diabetes did not have it before the pregnancy and it will usually disappear when the baby is born.

Gestational diabetes is not caused by a lack of insulin, but the blocking effects on insulin by the hormones that are present. This is called insulin resistance.

It is very important that the diabetes be well controlled during pregnancy because complications can occur. Some of these complications are birth defects, having a very large baby, and respiratory problems.

No matter what type of diabetes a women has during pregnancy, it is very important to keep the diabetes well controlled. Diabetic women who do not take care of themselves during pregnancy will have babies with a higher risk of developing diabetes later in life.

dano7744 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Diabetes mellitus can be transmitted genetically from mother to offspring but does not occur in 100 percent of the cases. DM is an endocrine disorder that millions of Americans are diagnosed with each year. DM is when a high level of blood glucose(blood sugar) remains circulating in the cardiovascular system and will not enter the cells of the body for different reasons. If an expectant mother is diabetic she really should be under the care of an endocrinologist in addition to her obstetrician. The key during the pregnancy is to adequately control the blood glucose level while providing sufficient nutrients for the child in utero. If this is done successfully, the child may be born without DM. If the blood sugar is poorly controlled before birth, then the infant may in fact be born with diabetes.

Access hundreds of thousands of answers with a free trial.

Start Free Trial
Ask a Question