What circumstances lead to juvenile diabetes?The mother and father of an infant are obese. The mother is thirty-five years old, had hypertension during her pregnancy, and still had it when the...

What circumstances lead to juvenile diabetes?

The mother and father of an infant are obese. The mother is thirty-five years old, had hypertension during her pregnancy, and still had it when the infant was born.  What are the chances the infant will develop juvenile diabetes and by what age does it usually happen?

Asked on by fk149

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marbar57 | Elementary School Teacher | (Level 3) Associate Educator

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Doctors have studied Type 1 Diabetes (Juvenile Diabetes, or JD) for decades and come up with some very important conclusions:

You inherit a predisposition to the disease, then something in your environment triggers it. 

Some suggested environmental causes are:  Viral infections such as Mumps and Measles during gestation and the use of bottlefed cow's milk may damage or destroy the delicate cells of the pancreas.   Some viral infections in infancy or childhood have been known to damage or kill a person's pancreas and they get JD.  Colder climates may place greater stress on a person's immune system, making them more predisposed to JD.

I couldn't find any statistics of the chances of a infant with two obese parents, one with high blood pressure, developing JD in his lifetime. But, I did find evidence that the mother's age when pregnant can be a factor. 

Statistically, here are the odds of your child getting Type 1 Diabetes:

A father with Type 1 Diabetes                                             1:17

A mother with Type 1 Diabetes (before age 25)                    1:25

                                             (after age 25)                    1:100

Children are more likely to inherit the disease from a father with type 1 diabetes than from a mother with the disorder.

Both parents with Type 1 Diabetes             between 1:10 and 1:6

A child's risk is doubled if either parent developed JD before they were eleven years old.

The earlier a person gets JD in his lifetime, the greater chances he/she will have of having children with the disease.  

When does Type 1 Diabetes occur? It usually occurs before the age of 25. 

 

Sources:

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