The Spirit of the Laws by Montesquieu

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Does Montesquieu believe that monarchy is always the best form of government? Why or why not?

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In The Spirit of the Laws, Montesquieu discussed political theory and the three types of governments. He further described the merits of a constitutional system of government and the need for separation of powers.

Montesquieu acknowledged the existence of three types of governments: a republic, a monarchy, and despotism. A republic is considered democratic when it extends wider citizen rights and aristocratic when some of these rights are restricted. In a monarchy, there are fixed laws, but authority is vested in a king or queen. In a despotic government, authority is vested in a despot and the system has no fixed laws.

Montesquieu advocated for the separation of powers where the government is...

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