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Other aspects of how Modernism has affected society is the cultural or artistic movement of Modernism: from pop art to the avant-garde. This was a social, technological and artistic distancing of the present from the past. It included a re-evaluation of time-honored and time-trusted ideas. Two theorists, Adorno and Horkheimer, questioned the legitimacy of the Enlightenment and other high ideas, particularly in the wake of the Holocaust.
In general, it was the questioning of the authority of ideas, traditional or not. Another important aspect of Modernism and Postmodernism is self-consciousness or self-reflexivity. In the artistic sense, this is like the breaking of the fourth wall: acknowledging the roles you play and who you play them for. Also, in the more general sense - since Modernism is about the questioning of authority and history - self-consciousness or self-reflexivity is the questioning of one's own history and ideas and outwardly expressing this to the world. (Making things transparent, not just for honesty's sake.)
Modernism has a great impact especially when it comes to convenience through technological innovation, entertainment paradigms, and employment opportunities. There aqre more opportunities for employment than ever before. Entertainment has never been as variedd as it is now.
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