We are more sympathetic to the creature than we are fearful of
him. I'll highlight what you might include in your essay, and
then go to the enotes link below, where you'll find anything
you need to know about the book. Ask yourself why the modern
reader feels such pity for the creature.
One reason is Frankenstein's treatment of his "baby". Seeing
his creation for the first time, he's so appalled by his
appearance that he disowns and abandons him. Victor refuses to take
responsibility for the monster, to teach him how to
survive and socially interact with the world. He's left
alone, isolated from a society who sees him as a horrible
creature who should be feared.
Shelley's description of the monster also causes us to pity
him. He's kind, gentle, and loving, all the things Victor isn't.
This is seen in his behavior toward the De Lacey family,
envying their respect and love for one another. He also saves a
girl from drowning.
Shelley's contrast of the monster and Victor serves to show us
the real monster of the novel is Victor. The creature is torn
between his natural nature of kindness and his unnatural one of
revenge toward his creator. He feels guilt over the deaths he
causes, but Victor blames the monster instead of himself for
Be sure to include quotes from the book to support your
theme of how we pity the creature, and tie it to how the modern
reader sees him. Good luck!