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Consider the first two lines of the play:
Antonio. In sooth, I know not why I am so sad:
alliteration in the repeated "s" sounds
assonance in the repeated long "o" and long "i" sounds
It wearies me; you say it wearies you;
rhetorical balance, signalled by the semicolon
- The three caskets that Portia must put out for the suitors are certainly symbolic.
- In a sense Shylock is symbolic of the unethical jewish moneylenders and merchants of Venice
- Portia makes a pun of the word "will" in her conversation to her waiting woman, Nerissa,
...so is the will of a living daughter curbed by the will of a dead father. (I.ii.24-25).
- Allusion is used. In Act I, Scene I, for instance, Salerio, a friend of Antonio refers to "two-headed Janus," a Roman god of entrances and all beginnings (l.50) Also, in this scene, Gratiano alludes to a Greek oracle when he says,"I am a sir Oracle."
- Parallelism is used in Act 2, Scene 6 as Lorenzo declares,
For she is wise, if I can judge of her;
And fair she is, if that mine eyes be true;
And true she is, as she hath prov'd herself;(ll.53-55)
- Metaphor is used in Act 3, Scene 5 as Lorenzo says, "An army of good words" suggesting how words can be subject to multiple interpretations.
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