Please explain Hamlet's statement, "(T)he time is out of joint. O cursed spite, that ever I was born to set it right."
Hamlet is upset because quite a lot of things seem to be going wrong. First, his father dies. Then, his mother remarries incredibly quickly, and, still worse, she marries Hamlet’s uncle, her own brother (by biblical precedent), making him Hamlet’s new stepfather. This new stepfather, Claudius, allows Laertes to return to the continent, but he refuses Hamlet’s request to return to school in Wittenberg— a request which seems perfectly reasonable—all while insulting Hamlet’s masculinity. Now, Hamlet has learned that his uncle/stepfather actually murdered his father, the old king,...
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Time is out of joint because the normal royal succession from father to son has been disrupted by Hamlet's uncle usurping the throne.