"May our country Taking what is good And rejecting what is bad Be not inferior to any other." 1) The point of view expressed by Mutsuhito in this poem contributed most directly to: a) Japanese isolationism b) a communist revolution in JApan c) The creation of feudal society d) Japanese militarism and imperialism 2) The point of view most clearly shows the influence of which of the following: a) Japanese feudalism b) Japanese nationalism c) Japanese isolationism d) The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki 3) A historian could best use this poem to study which: a) Meiji restoration b) Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki c) Development of Japanese feudalism d) Rise of Tokugawa Shogunate

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Mutsuhito, who later became the 122nd Emperor of Japan, officially named Emperor Meiji (sometimes called Meiji the Great), was an important historical figure. He was born in 1852 and died in 1912. During his rule, Japan changed rapidly from a feudal, isolated, mostly rural society into a connected, modern, industrial one. He was an enormous force for the rapid rise of Japan and its integration into the Western world.

In this poem, Emperor Meiji inspires his countrymen to take the best of what the Western world has to offer, while not accepting any "bad habits" from foreign cultures. By so doing, he hoped to make Japan equal to any of the Western powers of the time, while also retaining its unique culture and sense of identity. At the time, many European nations were colonial powers that ruled through military superiority over their colonies. Therefore, you could choose option D for the first question. In taking the so-called “best” from those colonial powers, Japan itself became an imperialist and militaristic nation.

For the second question, you should choose C. Emperor Meiji overthrew the idea of isolationism and feudalism, creating in its place a sense of Japanese nationalism. This means that Japanese people, for the first time, had a country to unite in, value, and fight for. This was the result of the Meiji Restoration, which results in you choosing answer A for the third question. During the Meiji Restoration, feudalism was definitively ended in Japan, ushering in a new era of modernity, inclusion in world affairs, and a rising sense of nationalism and the idea of what it meant to be Japanese.

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