Martin Luther -changes resulting from his actionsMartin Luther was the founder of Lutheranism. What would be considered some (2 needed) of the most significant social and/or political changes...
Martin Luther was the founder of Lutheranism. What would be considered some (2 needed) of the most significant social and/or political changes that occurred as a result of his actions (the submission of the ninety five thesis, etc) that led to the development of this type of church? and why?
You should probably consider the fact that many German Princes supported Luther purely for political reasons. They saw his ideas as an effective way to separate themselves from the Pope and thereby the Holy Roman Emperor. The principle of cuius regio eius religio was only adopted after a series of bloody wars, perhaps the bloodiest in the history of Europe prior to World War One. They were fighting not over religious principles, but in order to free themselves from the Emperor. Luther probably would have been burned at the stake after the Church council at which he refused to recant, but he was saved by a noblemen who saw purely secular advantages to keeping Luther around.
Socially, Luther's translation of the New Testament into the German language became the standard for modern German. He was aided, of course, by the invention of the printing press by Gutenberg, which helped spread his ideas. The fact that he wrote in the vernacular language of the day, rather than Latin, also helped spread his ideas.
Not all of Luther's effects were positive. He tended to be quite narrow minded at times, and published a number of fiery tirades against Jews. His words were often quoted by the Nazi's during the Holocaust, as Luther was something of a national hero to the German people.
Who would have thought that one man could have initiated such a schism in the Roman Catholic church, that held sway over Europe? And yet that is precisely what happened when Martin Luther published his articles. Clearly, the most profound and far-reaching conseqence is the way that this religious school of thought opposed Catholicism in many ways, resulting in many splits all over Europe and within countries in Europe. Religious divides between Catholicism and Protestantism were to mark the history books for the forseeable future, and even up to today in some place.
The major political change that I see is the split of Germany (and then the rest of Europe) into Catholic and Protestant countries. The rule of "cuius regio eius religio" that developed in Germany soon after the Reformation was a major change. It led not only to religious conflict but also to a very "high" church that was tied closely to the secular powers in the various German states where it was the state religion.
Luther's reforms ultimately brought about national challenges to the dominance of Rome and the Catholic Church. It led to violence and civil wars in some places (Britain) where others were more or less allowed to choose their own path. You can still see the Protestant/Catholic split across the map of Europe, so his reforms led to some more or less permanent cultural and religious divisions.
Based on the first comment, would it be, in your opinion, correct to say to following?:
One significant political change that occurred as a result of the actions of Marting Luther was the establishment of "cuis regio eius religio" (whose region is, his religion) in Germany. The Catholic church had dominated Germany and any who opposeded Catholocism was considered a heretic and was put to death by being burnt. However, Lutheranism had grown so extenstively that the German states who held to its beliefs could not be denied, and the Peace of Augsburg, a treaty agreement betweenCharles V, the Holy Roman Empire, and a league of Protestant princes, granted official tolerance for Lutherans through out the Empire. Through this treaty the religion of the Prince over each region was the safely proclaimed religion of that area.
...What might you change/alter to the above to make the statement more convincing or more accurate?
How would the following statement best be continued...(I tried to use the divisions in Germany, from comment 2, between the Catholics and the Protestants, but it came out like the above statement and sounded like I was only repeating the same idea with different words)?
One of the most significant social changes that occurred as a result of the actions of Martin Luther transpired when he published his 95 thesis stating his disagreements with the one Christian church of his day, the Roman Catholic church, because it resulted in...