Mark The Stress In The Following Words

Mark the stress in the following words:

examine, examination,

academic, academician

favourite, favoritism

exhibit, exhibition

govern, government

Expert Answers
mathsworkmusic eNotes educator| Certified Educator

English words can only have one dominant stressed syllable (a syllable is a fragment of a word as it is spoken audibly). If a word has more than one dominant stress then it is a hybrid word. Hybrid words become 'proper' words when it has been established where the dominant stress goes. For example, Sat-Nav is usually said (in the everyday language) with the stress on the first syllable 'Sat'.

Ex-am-ine has 3 syllables and the 2nd is the stressed one ('ex' is a prefix).

Ex-am-in-a-tion has 5 syllables and the 4th one (penultimate one) is the stressed one ('tion' is a suffix).

Ac-a-dem-ic has 4 syllables and the 3rd one (penultimate one) is the stressed one ('ic' is a suffix).

Ac-a-dem-i-cian has 5 syllables and the 4th one (penultimate one) is the stressed one ('cian' is a suffix).

Fa-vour-ite has 3 syllables and the 1st is the stressed one (the typical pattern for most words).

Fa-vor-i-tis-m has 5 syllables and the 1st is the stressed one (this is typical for words ending in 'ism' unless they have suffices, eg 'multi-cuturalism', which in any case is hyphenated so isn't strictly one word but two).

Ex-hi-bit has 3 syllables and the 2nd is the stressed one (again, 'ex' is a prefix).

Ex-hi-bi-tion has 4 syllables and the 3rd (penultimate one) is the stressed one ('tion' is a suffix, and the same pattern applies as for 'ex-am-ine' and 'ex-am-in-a-tion').

Go-vern has 2 syllables and the 1st is the stressed one (the typical pattern for most words).

Go-vern-ment has 3 syllables and the 1st is the stressed one (although 'ment' is a suffix it does not affect the position of the stress of a word).

favoritethings eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I will separate syllables in these words with a vertical line "|" and mark the stressed syllable in each word with bold font.

e | xa | mine
e | xa | mi | na | tion
The word "examine" has three syllables with the stress on the second syllable.  The word examination has five syllables with the stress on the fourth syllable.

a | ca | de | mic
a | ca | de | mi | cian
The word "academic" has four syllables with the stress on the third syllable.  The word "academician" has five syllables with the stress on the fourth syllable.

fa | vor | ite
fa | vor | i | tis | m
The word "favorite" has three syllables with the stress on the first one.  The word "favoritism" has five syllables, also with the stress on the first syllable.

ex | hi | bit
ex | hi | bi | tion
The word "exhibit" has three syllables with the stress on the second syllable.  The word "exhibition" has four syllables with the stress on the third one.

go | vern
go | vern | ment

The word "govern" has two syllables with the stress on the first one.  The word "government" has three syllables, also with the stress on first syllable.