Management: An Art and a Science  How is management both an art and a science?

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Management includes some emotional elements, which means that it cannot be completely scientific. Managers always manage people, never machines. This is the "art" part of management.

Planning, implementation, and specific goals all also make a big part of successful management. Numbers play in to any business too. These are the...

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Management includes some emotional elements, which means that it cannot be completely scientific. Managers always manage people, never machines. This is the "art" part of management.

Planning, implementation, and specific goals all also make a big part of successful management. Numbers play in to any business too. These are the scientific elements of management.

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Management involves being able to see the big picture, to plan ahed to the future, to put out fires as they happen, and to work with people.  All of that requires both skill and charisma.  In other words, a manager who does not use both art and science will not be successful.  The job involves finesse and attention to detail.

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I agree with bmaruffi that business is indeed a science, particularly when we look at the systems and methodology involved with the financial management of a business, the legal aspects of starting, running a business, HR compliances, technology infrastructures, intranet security, etc.

Business is an art because of the unknown elements involved: particularly people's (customers and employees) behavior. The art of managing a successful business depends heavily on the creative and strategic  abilities of the leadership along with their "intuitive" understanding of people and trends. 

 Three of my mentors and experts are cited below  I would also recommend reading Good to Great  and the Awakening the Entrepreneur Within.

Chip Connelly (Joire de Vivre Hospitality) is another incredible business leader who balances the science and art of business seamlessly.  

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