Self-management is managing oneself. If left to our own devices, how do we make decisions. What do we control about ourselves. This includes self-preservation and impulse-control, as well as image control.
This term may have a special significance in business vernacular, but in general terms it means what it suggests: that a person manages his own time and his own work and activities. Part of self-management is defining objectives, setting short-term and long-term goals, and making plans to achieve them. A critical part of self-management is establishing deadlines and learning to manage one's time effectively. As in all endeavors, being organized is essential in self-management.
Self-management as a result of Emotional Intelligence
The optimum level of self-management can actually be a result of high Emotional Intelligence.
A definition of Emotional Intelligence, Daniel Goleman made it in 1995: Emotional intelligence means a capacity of self-control of stress and negative emotions, a meta-ability, which determines and influences how and how effectively we can use other abilities and skills they possess, including educational intelligence.
Emotional Intelligence covers five main areas at which we can act to optimize it:
1. knowledge of ourself emotions ( ie recognition of emotions when they are there)
2. manage our emotions (the ability to control or externalize emotions so that to be at the appropriate time, situation or context)
3. self-motivation (coordination emotions towards a goal)
4. recognizing emotions of others (empathy, social awareness)
5. relationship management (or other emotion management)
Self management refers to managing ones personal activities and achievements. The objective is to improve ones ones personal effectiveness, and happiness. This requires right development and use of ones body, mind and time to achieve success and satisfaction in whatever profession a person chooses to pursue. The main methods and functions of self management would include the following.
- Time management
- Planning and controlling of career goals and progress.
- Keeping body and mind fit
- Personal habits and discipline