Make a timeline that includes 12 important events from both sides of the Atlantic from 1630, when the Puritans migrated to New England, to the first Great Awakening in 1734.

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

The period between 1630 and 1734 was an exciting one in both colonial American and British history. Some notable events include:

In the Colonies:

  • 1634: John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, writes home to England, announcing that smallpox has killed so many of the local Native Americans that...

Unlock
This Answer Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime.

Start your 48-Hour Free Trial

The period between 1630 and 1734 was an exciting one in both colonial American and British history. Some notable events include:

In the Colonies:

  • 1634: John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, writes home to England, announcing that smallpox has killed so many of the local Native Americans that large parts of New England are unclaimed (and thus available to European settlers).
  • 1636: Harvard College is founded.
  • 1668: The Massachusetts Bay Colony claims Maine. Maine doesn't get statehood back until 1820.
  • 1670: Hudson Bay Company is founded.
  • 1672: King Philip's War breaks out in New England, as the Narragansett Indians rebel against an annual tribute the colonial governments demand they pay. In November, British soldiers wipe out the Narragansett in Rhode Island.
  • 1692: The Salem Witch Trials end with 19 people hanged and one pressed to death on accusations of witchcraft.
  • 1701: Detroit (Michigan) is founded by French settlers.
  • 1702: Queen Anne's War begins as French colonists and various Native American tribes team up against English colonists and other Native American tribes. (The colonists see this as a stand-alone war; the English view it as just another front in the War of the Spanish Succession, which began with the death of Charles II of Spain in 1700.) It's ended by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.
  • 1705: Virginia's government decides that slaves are legally real estate. Massachusetts forbids marriage between black people and white people.
  • 1726: Poor people riot in Philadelphia over unfair legal penalties; they destroy the city's pillory and stocks.
  • 1731: Benjamin Franklin publishes Poor Richard's Almanack, which is still in publication today. He also starts the first public library in Philadelphia.
  • 1734: Newspaper publisher John Peter Zenger is arrested for seditious libel against the Governor of New York. The Great Awakening begins in Massachusetts.

In Britain:

  • 1633: Construction begins on Buckingham Palace.
  • 1642: Civil War begins. It continues until 1646, when Charles I surrenders to the Scots.
  • 1649: Charles I is executed. Britain is ruled by Parliament as the Commonwealth under Oliver Cromwell until Cromwell's death in 1658.
  • 1660: Charles II returns from exile in Holland and retakes the throne after Oliver Cromwell's son Richard is forced to resign.
  • 1665: The Great Plague hits London, killing 100,000 people—about 25 percent of the population—in about 18 months.
  • 1666: The Great Fire of London leaves 65,000 people homeless and destroys about 2/3 of the city's buildings.
  • 1685: Charles II dies and is succeeded by his brother, James II. France revokes freedom of religion for Huguenot Protestants, causing thousands of them to settle in England and the colonies.
  • 1687: Isaac Newton publishes Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy.
  • 1688: The "Glorious Revolution" results in James II fleeing to exile in France; the English throne is taken by William of Orange and his wife, Mary (William III and Mary II).
  • 1698: Britain's Parliament legalizes the slave trade, profoundly affecting New England's economy.
  • 1701: James II dies in France after several unsuccessful attempts to take his throne back from William.
  • 1702: Queen Anne succeeds William (she's his sister-in-law). England declares war on France in the War of the Spanish Succession.
  • 1714: George I succeeds Anne (he's her distant cousin and the first Hanoverian king).
  • 1720: South Sea bubble bursts, ruining dozens of investors.
  • 1727: George II becomes King of England, succeeding his father, George I.
  • 1732: A royal charter is granted for the founding of the colony of Georgia.
Approved by eNotes Editorial Team