The theme of this poem is about potentialities in life that the persona can see. He sees at the possible loves, joys, companionship and heroism. Yet, it is difficult to act on desires. The poem resonates on his inadequacy, the hesitancy in the scenarios and then rationalizes inaction. Thus the poem is a very personal one. A very sad and tormented man outlines his ‘love song’ to all. He desires someone to realize his plight. On the other hand, It is a critique of the modern society. He criticizes a place where inane social rituals prevail and a place where individuals are repressed, alienated and no longer on contact with a meaningful existence. Though it does not delve deeply into the alienation of a whole civilization, it points out at the meaningless world of ‘tea and cakes and ices’ and the pretentious and superficial chatting take place in the room where women come and go thinking of Michelangelo. If the title suggests a potential happiness and involvement in life it is immediately undercut by the epigraph from Dante’s Inferno. The imagery of hell parallels Prufrock’s own inner hell of isolation and hatred. Prufrock’s inner self is imprisoned in a world where he cannot tell of his feelings and desires.
As a poet, dramatist and critic contributed much to English literature. The poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"is one amoung his masterpieces. On daling with the theam of the poem we have to mention the methodes of articulation applied. It begun in February 1910 and published in Chicago in June 1915. Described as a "drama of literary anguish," it presents a stream of consciousness in the form of a dramatic monologue, and marked the beginning of Eliot's career as an influential poet. With its weariness, regret, embarrassment, longing, emasculation, sexual frustration, sense of decay, and awareness of mortality, Prufrock has become one of the most recognized voices in 20th-century literature, and is the quintessential urban zeitgeist of the 20th century.
main theme:Loneliness and Alienation: Prufrock is a pathetic man whose anxieties and obsessions have isolated him. Indecision: Prufrock resists making decisions for fear that their outcomes will turn out wrong. Inadequacy: Prufrock continually worries that he will make a fool of himself and that people will ridicule him for his clothes, his bald spot, and his overall physical appearance. Pessimism: Prufrock sees only the negative side of his own life and the lives of others.