The main reason why the Allies emerged victorious in WWII was due to their vast resources.  How far do you agree with this statement?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Yes, the main reason the Allies won the war was due to resources. The United States was able to rebuild quickly after Pearl Harbor. Japan, on the other hand, never recovered from the loss of vital aircraft carriers at Midway. By war's end the German army suffered from a lack of oil; this especially proved telling in the Battle of the Bulge. Stalin devoted millions of men toward fighting the Nazis. American factories worked around the clock in order to make munitions to ship overseas.

Another factor in the Allies' victory was the poor decisions made by the Axis powers. Japan did not adequately protect its own merchant marine, and by the end of the war American submarines were sinking them at will. Hitler lost entire armies on the Eastern Front due to his inability to retreat and wait for a better time to invade. Japan expended lots of valuable resources in trying to subdue China; though the nation killed millions of Chinese, it never conquered the country. The Allies also won due to a cohesive strategy. The Axis powers never worked in concert with one another to conquer a nation, while the Allies in Europe made Germany fight on two fronts, though not as quickly as Stalin would have liked.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

I agree almost completely with this statement.  The vast resources of the Allied powers, and of the US and the Soviet Union in particular, were the most important factor in allowing them to win the war.  However, there were at least some other factors that mattered.

The resources of the Allies made the most difference in the outcome of this war.  The United States had a huge land mass with lots of natural resources.  It also had easy access to more resources in the rest of the Americas.  None of this could be touched in any important ways by the enemy.  The Soviet Union had a huge land area with natural resources and a large population as well.  These factors allowed the Allies to produce huge amounts of weaponry and, in the case of the USSR, to absorb a full-scale German invasion.  These were their main reasons for being able to win the war.

However, there were other factors.  One such factor was the poor strategy of the Axis, in particular Germany.  Hitler made some egregious errors, not least of which was the invasion of the Soviet Union.  Another factor was the weakness and impetuosity of Italy and Mussolini.  This was a real liability for the Axis.

Overall, though, I do agree very much with the idea that it was resources that allowed the Allies to win.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

We’ll help your grades soar

Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now.

  • 30,000+ book summaries
  • 20% study tools discount
  • Ad-free content
  • PDF downloads
  • 300,000+ answers
  • 5-star customer support
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial