The main difference between European colonies and protectorates in Africa had to do with their ...

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The main difference between European colonies and protectorates in Africa had to do with their governments (Answer B). Colonies and protectorates are similar because they are both territories of a larger state (country). However, the main difference lies in the way each is ruled. Colonies are dependent states that have rulers who are accountable to the larger (mother) country, and colonies are considered part of the mother country. All government, trade, and activities of a colony are under the control of the mother country and enforced by the mother country's officials and laws. Protectorates, on the other hand, are smaller nations that retain autonomy and sovereignty as they enter into an agreement with a larger state for protection. A larger state might offer protection to a smaller one to gain access to ports, natural resources, or national borders, but protectorates are not directly governed by the larger country. Protectorates act independently in government and matters of rule from the larger country.

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The answer to this question should be B: governments. A European colony was entirely under the jurisdiction of the mother country. The difference between a protectorate and a colony in any instance is a matter of government: a colony is ruled by a government designed and implemented by another country and has no sovereignty of its own, whereas a protectorate, as the term suggests, receives protection and/or some kind of mentorship from a larger or more powerful nation and would usually offer something in return. So, a protectorate would have its own government and its own sovereignty and laws but would be protected by another country and would usually be expected to support that country in times of war and allow the protector country to utilize the raw materials, and so on, of the protectorate.

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