Emma Woodhouse is a round character in Jane Austen's Emma. A round character is one who undergoes some sort of change throughout the course of a story, usually relating to their moral beliefs, abilities, strengths or weaknesses.
Emma Woodhouse is a character who throughout the course of the novel realizes that she is not without character flaws and learns the meaning of true kindness and compassion. One of the moments in which the reader recognizes Emma's inner struggle is when Mr. Knightley confronts Emma about her poor behavior to Mrs. Bates at the Eltons' party. Following his censure, Emma must look inward, and realizing that Knightley was correct, she will attempt to improve herself to win his favor.