In "Macbeth,"  how does the play demonstrate good uses of effective dramatic and theatrical techniques?I need the answer soon!

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sullymonster eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Dramatic and theatrical techniques refer to any devices that help to enhance the mood and tone of a play or other piece of literature.  Shakespeare takes steps in the first scene to let readers know that mood plays an important role.  When the witches come on stage in the first scene, the stage directions and the witches' dialogue indicate there should be sounds of a storm.  This creates a dark and ominous mood from the curtain rise, and Shakespeare carries that mood throughout.  Macbeth's first line is:

So foul and fair a day I have not seen.

Not only does that tell the audience that the day is still stormy, but it also a contradiction.  Use of contradictions help to make the audience feel unsettled, adding to a dark mood.  When Lady Macbeth arrives, she also uses contradiction by demanding that the gods "unsex" her.  She is immediately a character of contrasts, being a woman but being so murderous and strong-willed.

Shakespeare uses a storm again to surround the murder of Duncan.  Macduff arrives at the castle speaking about the storm that had been going the night before and how violent it was.  This is dramatic irony, because the audience knows that the night before was violent in other ways, even though Macduff doesn't yet know it.