In Act 3, Scene 6 find one literary device and explain how the literary device is used Macbeth by William Shakespeare. 

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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In Act III, Scene 6, Lennox does not believe that the sons of Duncan and Banquo have killed their fathers. He speaks with irony to another lord that Macbeth "nobly" killed the "two delinquents" because anyone would have been "angered" to hear the men deny that they had slain Duncan,

...Did he not straight,
In pious rage, the two delinquents tear,
That were the slaves of drink and thralls of sleep?
Was not that nobly done? Ay, and wisely too,
For ’twould have anger'd any heart alive
To hear the men deny't. (3.6.11-16)

In this passage "the slaves of drink and thralls of sleep" the word slaves is a metaphor for the two servants who were drunken and sleeping and thus were exploited by any one else who was present as they guarded their king.  Within this metaphor, too, is the literary device of personification, which is the attribution of human qualities to inanimate things.  "Drink" and "sleep" are conditions that are personified, for only humans can own slaves.


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