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The Articles of Confederation were the first constitution of the United States. They were written in 1777 and ratified in 1781. This constitution is structured into 13 articles. Each article deals with a separate topic. Most of the articles are very short. Article IX is by far the longest while Article V and Article VI are shorter than Article IX but longer than the other articles.
Article I simply says that the country would be a confederacy and that its name would be “The United States of America.”
Article II says that each state retains its sovereignty in all matters not explicitly given to the national government.
Article III says that all of the states promise to “enter into a firm league of friendship” in which they will help and defend one another.
Article IV gives people the right to move from one state to another and says that the states will honor each other’s laws.
Article V sets up the Congress of the new country, saying that each state will get one vote.
Article VI limits what the states can do. It prevents them from doing things like declaring war or having standing armies.
Article VII says that the states will get to appoint officers below the rank of general when an army is raised.
Article VIII says how the US government will get its money.
Article IX is very long. It sets out the powers that the Congress (the national government) has.
Article X allows Congress to set up a committee of states to take care of business when Congress is not assembled.
Article XI says that Canada can join the confederacy if it likes.
Article XII says that the US will honor the debts that it incurred in fighting the Revolutionary War even though those debts were contracted before the Articles were ratified.
Article XIII says that the Articles can only be altered by approval of Congress and all of the states.
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