In Ch. 10 of Lord of the Flies, why does Ralph laugh as he says, "I got the conch," and why does Piggy react so strongly to his laughter?

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In Chapter Ten, Piggy attempts to come to a solution about everything that has transpired on the island and suggests that Ralph call an assembly. When Piggy tells Ralph that he has the conch, Ralph responds by laughing, which makes Piggy extremely upset. Piggy tells Ralph,

"Ralph! Stop laughing like that. Look, there ain’t no need, Ralph! What’s the others going to think?" (Golding, 224).

Piggy is portrayed as the most intelligent boy on the island and is a staunch proponent of civilization. The conch symbolically represents order, structure, and civilization, which are concepts that Piggy values and believes in. Piggy is fiercely protective of the conch, which reveals his affinity for civilization and order. When Ralph laughs at the conch, Piggy reacts strongly because he fears that Ralph has abandoned all hope of establishing a civil society on the uninhabited tropical island and will allow chaos to ensue. Piggy refuses to reject the conch like Jack and his savages and is willing to protect it with his life. As the most civilized, intelligent character on the island, Piggy reveres the conch and his attitude towards it reflects his civilized values.

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"I got the conch."

"Ralph! Stop laughing like that. Look, there ain't no need, Ralph! What's the others going to think?"

Ralph is laughing because he realizes how pointless Piggy's suggestion to use the conch shell is.  For most of the novel, the conch shell has symbolized society's rules and order.  Those concepts have been slowly eroding away, and now that Jack is in full power and has banished Ralph and Piggy, Ralph sees the conch shell as nothing more than an object.  It holds zero power.  It is not symbolic of rule and order any more.  It's meaningless, and Piggy's desire to have Ralph use the conch shell is ironic to Ralph.  Piggy doesn't understand the futility of the shell.  Ralph does. 

Piggy reacts so strongly because Ralph's reaction scares him.  Ralph has been the leader that Piggy put his trust into.  Ralph wanted the rules and order that Piggy wanted.  Piggy never had the ability to lead like Ralph, and now Ralph appears to be giving up.  Piggy reacts strongly, because the world he put faith into is falling apart around him. 

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