In Lord of The Flies, what does William Golding teach us about power and its abuse?
In my opinion, Golding teaches one major lesson about the abuse of power.
Power must be given to people who will use it appropriately. I think in the beginning of the novel, we can all agree that Piggy would have done the right thing and applied intellectual strength to every decision and need, but Piggy didn't have star power with the boys. Ralph worked as best he could to lead appropriately, but when the boys begin to follow Jack, we see the most destruction. People who use power for their own gain end up doing the most damage to everyone else.
Another related issue is that power issued due to a vote can easily be later lost. People want to respect their leaders. However, Ralph failed to produce and manage the boys to the point that they could see the benefits of his leadership. This is why many were willing to go off with Jack when Jack presented an attractive alternative.
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