Irony is developed through the setting, the plot, and the characters. For example, in the beginning of the story, Ralph is elated when he first realizes that there probably are no grown ups on the island. The idea of being free of adult supervision makes him stand on his head with joy and grin at this "realized ambition." Later, as life on the island deteriorates into loss, danger, and chaos, Ralph longs desperately for the security of adult leadership and protection. Irony is also developed in regard to the novel's setting. What first appears to be a beautiful, sun-filled, lush tropical island where life can be sustained and even enjoyed becomes instead a place of darkness, fear, violence, suffering, and death--surely no paradise.