How did Italian Renaissance artist Pietro Perugino use perspective in his painting "Jesus Handing the Keys to Peter"?
Although not as well-known as Michelangelo, Perugino also painted scenes at the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City, including this Biblical scene associated with the book of Matthew, found on the chapel's north wall. In the tradition of the Italian Renaissance, Perugino used perspective and symmetry to create what amounts more or less to a grid of sorts. Horizontal lines delineate clear foreground, middle ground, and background planes, while strong diagonals meet at the doorway of the building in the middle of the background. With nearly perfect symmetry, two more scenes in the stories of Jesus are placed to the left and right in the middle ground, and use of aerial perspective creates the look of hills fading into the background to the temple's left.