Literary Criticism

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In literature, what is biographical theory? 

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Lenny Wiza eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Biographical theory is a form of literary criticism that analyzes literature through a lens which considers the writer's life experiences, race, gender, philosophical outlook, and so forth. This way of analyzing literature looks externally, then, for insights into the work's intent and meaning. Biographical theory is a useful approach in that it takes into account the author's outlook. It works quite plausibly in readings of, for example, the work of F. Scott Fitzgerald. His class consciousness was a dramatic force in his life and found its way into works like The Great Gatsby and "Winter Dreams." However, biographical theory does not...

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