What are the literary devices used  in "The Frog and the Nightingale"?

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Kristen Lentz | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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The "Frog and the Nightingale" by Vikram Seth  uses multiple poetic devices, including:  alliteration, onomatopoeia, imagery, metaphor, personification.

Alliteration: Repetition of initial consonant sounds in a group of words close together.  "Bingle bog," "dusk to dawn," "crass cacophony"  The alliteration mimics the repeating sounds of frog's continual croaking.  This poem is full of alliteration with the poet using it on practically every line. 

Onomotopoeia: The use of words which imitate sounds. "awn and awn and awn"  The sound of the word mimics the sound of the frog's croaking.  Also the word, "croak" sounds like the sound that a frog makes when it croaks as well.  Later in the poem, "ko-ash, ko-ash" replicates the sound in real life.

Imagery:  Words that appeal to the senses. "Moonlight cold and pale" creates a vivid picture and sensory feeling in the reader's mind. 

Metaphor:  A comparison between two things without using like or as. "This is a fairy tale and you're Mozart in disguise" The nightingale compares the frog to Mozart, indicating her belief in his musical talent. 

Rhyme: Most of the poem rhymes in paired couplets.

Personification:  Giving human like qualities to objects or animals. The poet personifies both the frog and the nightingale to create two relatable characters in the poem.

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matkang96 | Student, Grade 10 | eNotes Newbie

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also include:

the form of the poem is composed of uneven stanzas. It uses open-ending couplets which have desired effect of vigour and fluidity. The sense is continuous. The rhymed words are carefully shosen, and are associated with the main subject of the poem- frog, Bog; cacophony, tree...