What literary devices are used in "The Death Of The Flowers" by William Cullen Bryant?

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thanatassa eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The most important literary devices in the poem are rhyme and meter. "The Death Of The Flowers" by William Cullen Bryant is written in six-line stanzas. The stanzas are rhymed as three couplets, that is according to the rhyme pattern AABBCC. The rhymes tend to be regular masculine rhymes. Most of the lines are end-stopped rather than enjambed, and often have some form of medial caesura. 

The meter of the poem is regular iambic heptameter, meaning that each line contains seven feet, and each foot normally follows a pattern of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, with occasional anapestic or trochaic substitutions. Bryant rarely uses more than one or two metrical substitutions in a line. 

Similes and metaphors, such as "naked woods" are used to emphasize the stark atmosphere of winter. The description of the south wind as searching and sighing is an example of personification. There are several instances of alliteration, such as "lying ... lowly" and "wailing winds".

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