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List three similarities and differences between plant and animal cells.

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Structures Found in Both Plant and Animal Cells (Similarities)

  • Golgi Apparatus: membrane-bound sacs involved in protein secretion from the cell
  • Pinocytotic Vesicle: vacuoles formed by endocytosis of the membrane
  • Lysosome: vesicles containing digestive enzymes
  • Mitochondria: site of aerobic respiration and ATP production
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum: membrane-bound channels that run throughout the cell; smooth endoplasmic reticulum does not have attached ribosomes; rough endoplasmic reticulum does have attached ribosomes
  • Ribosomes: location of protein synthesis
  • Nucleolus: small organelle containing chromatin
  • Nucleus: location of most of the cell's DNA

Structures Found Only in Plant Cells (Differences)

  • Cell Wall: a layer of cellulose that surrounds the plasma membrane of plant cells
  • Large Central Vacuole: a large fluid filled sac that occupies a large part of the plant cells; stores water and other water soluble substances
  • Chloroplast: site of photosynthesis and ATP production
  • Amyloplast: a membrane-bound organelle composed of starch

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