List three new titles the pigs invented for their leader, Napoleon.
In chapter 8, the narrator tells us that as Napoleon's power grows, he is no longer referred to as simply Napoleon. In fact, he is always given an informal title, "Our Leader, Comrade Napoleon." Moreover, the pigs also liked to invent names for him. These include:
- "Father of All Animals"
- "Terror of Mankind"
- "Protector of the Sheep-fold"
In terms of the Soviet history, the pigs' invention of these titles mirrors the many titles used by Joseph Stalin. As part of his cult of personality, for example, Stalin was known by lots of titles, including Father of Nations and Great Leader. His surname, Stalin, meaning Man of Steel, is another example of one of his titles or nicknames.
Like Stalin, Napoleon's invented titles reflect his desire to be admired and celebrated by the animals. There is some irony here, however, since both Napoleon and Stalin were violent dictators who ruled with iron fists, contrary to some of their benevolent-sounding titles.
You can see titles that the pigs invented for Napoleon in Chapter VIII of the book. Here are some of them:
- Father of All Animals,
- Terror of Mankind,
- Protector of the Sheep-fold,
- Ducklings' Friend
These titles are meant to glorify Napoleon. This is a tactic that is often used by dictators and despots as a means of propaganda. By giving themselves all these titles, they are trying to convince the people that they really have all these attributes.
Such names also contribute to a "cult of personality." This refers to a situation where the people think the leader pretty much is the country and where they see him as the next best thing to a god.