List three of the legal rulings that ended segregation in the United States.

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Firstly, segregation has not quite ended in the United States. There is a difference between de jure segregation, which sanctified segregation by law, and de facto segregation, in which the system exists through racist habits or policies that are indirectly racist. One such example of indirectly racist policy is a form of gerrymandering that excludes certain neighborhoods from a school district due to a higher concentration of minorities or the potential for a higher concentration of minorities due to lower property taxes.

In regard to your question, however, I would say that Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, in 1954 was the first significant case to end segregation in a key space of public accommodation—schools. This was followed by Brown v. Board II, which was decided in 1955. This ruling demanded that Southern states proceed with integration with "all deliberate speed." This was meant to ensure that the ruling would actually be carried out. However, the first school to be integrated, Little Rock High School, was not integrated until September 1957.

The third case, which dealt more directly with the impact of Jim Crow in people's private lives, is Loving v. Virginia, which was handed down in 1967. The Lovings, who are quite appropriately named, were an interracial Virginia couple. Richard Loving was a white man married to a black woman. Their relationship caused them to have to hide to avoid arrest, though they were sometimes unsuccessful. The Loving case struck down laws that forbade interracial marriage. Such laws did not only impact black and white couples. On the Pacific coast, particularly in California, there were also laws that forbade intermarriage between Asians and whites.

Approved by eNotes Editorial
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

There were several rulings that ended segregation in the United States. One of these rulings occurred in 1946. It was the case of Morgan v Virginia. This Supreme Court ruling said it was illegal to segregate on buses that crossed state lines. Another Supreme Court ruling that ended segregation was Norris v Alabama. In this ruling, the Supreme Court said it was illegal to exclude African-Americans from being considered for serving on juries.

One of the most famous cases that ended segregation was Brown v The Board of Education. In this case, the father of Linda Brown sued because his daughter couldn’t go to the same school as other kids who lived in her neighborhood. Linda Brown was African-American and had to attend a school for African-Americans. The Supreme Court ruled that separate but equal schools were not legal in the United States. This led to a series of desegregation cases throughout the country, at first in the South and then in the North. These were three cases that ended some aspect of segregation in our country.

See eNotes Ad-Free

Start your 48-hour free trial to get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

Get 48 Hours Free Access
Approved by eNotes Editorial