# List three fractions that are not in their simplest form. Simplify the fractions, including a brief explanation of each.

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A fraction is a way of representing part of a whole. For example, if a pie is cut into 6 pieces and two are taken out, then the 4 that are left in the dish can be expressed as four-sixths of the whole or 4/6. However, this is not a fraction that is in its simplest form because it can be reduced to 2/3. (Each part of the fraction, the top and bottom numbers, that is, can be divided by 2).

Thus, a fraction is in its **simplest form** when the top number, or numerator, and the bottom number, or denominator, are **expressed in their smallest (easiest) way. **Putting fractions in their smallest way is called reducing them.

Here are 3 examples:

1. 8/16 = 1/2 (the numerator and denominator can each be divided by 8 and be reduced)

2. 18/27 - 2/3 (the numerator and denominator can each be divided by 9 and be reduced)

3. 30/50 = 3/5 (the numerator and denominator can each be divided by 10 and be reduced)